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November 2021

Common Types Of Cranes Used in Construction

By Uncategorized

There are many different types of cranes used for construction projects. A crane is equipment that allows a load to be lifted or positioned with relative ease and safety. There are several different types of cranes that can be used in construction, both on the ground and in the air. Some of these include floating cranes, telescopic cranes, crawler cranes, rough-terrain cranes, all-terrain cranes, truck mounted cranes, and tower cranes.

Floating Crane

There are two different types of floating cranes, the Jumbo Crane and the Knee Boom Crane. The Jumbo crane is used when reaching over water to place concrete forms or pilings in navigable waterways. Its jib can rotate 360 degrees allowing it to maneuver into any position that is necessary for its work. A typical knee-boom crane has a 30-degree swing radius. It is used for several different jobs such as the construction of oil platforms and other similar offshore structures.

Telescopic Crane

The telescopic crane was first invented in 1852, but it wasn’t used extensively until 1905 when a Canadian company began its production. This type of crane has a boom that can be easily extended from 24 feet all the way to 200 feet. It uses a telescopic method of extending or retracting its booms. These cranes are used on construction projects for many different tasks such as erecting steel framework, removing damaged materials, and handling equipment.

Telescopic Handler Crane

The telescopic handler crane is a variation of the traditional telescopic crane. It has a rotating cab where the operator sits to control the boom. This type of crane is used for lifting and moving materials to other areas on site such as placing beams, pouring concrete, or inserting rebar.

Aerial Crane

The aerial crane is also known as an overhead crane. It is the most common type of crane as it allows for easy transportation and can be used on several different types of projects; this makes them ideal for use by rental companies. The operator sits in a cab that moves along an overhead track or monorail, allowing him to control all movement from a single location. These cranes are able to lift objects such as beams, steel, and piping which helps with construction projects.

Crawler Crane

The crawler crane has a rotating cab that is similar to the aerial crane; however, it does not move along an overhead track or monorail. Instead, this crane moves on treads like a tank and can rotate 360 degrees allowing it to lift objects to any position. These type of cranes are used in areas where the ground is unstable, such as loose soil or marsh-like conditions.

Rough Terrain Crane

The rough terrain crane has a telescopic boom that can extend from 24 feet all the way to 200 feet long depending on what job it is being used for. It uses a telescopic method of extending or retracting its booms and is able to move along the ground at speeds up to 10 miles per hour. This type of crane can do several different jobs such as placing steel framework, lifting beams, handling equipment, and removing damaged materials from construction sites.

Truck Mounted Crane

A truck mounted crane consists of a boom that is attached to the bed of a truck. It can be extended or retracted depending on what its job is. These cranes are used primarily for lifting materials in places where it would not otherwise be possible with other types of cranes, such as in dense traffic or narrow streets. They are also used for lifting to higher heights. 

All Terrain Crane

All terrain cranes are able to move over any type of ground, no matter how rough or unstable it is. The all-terrain crane has large rubber tires that allow it to move easily across different types of ground. They are usually used on construction sites where the area to be worked is surrounded by buildings, making traditional cranes impossible to use.

Tower Crane

A tower crane consists of a vertical mast topped with a cab where the operator sits to control the boom; it is attached directly to this cab. These types of cranes are used for several different things depending on what its job is. They can be used for erection of steel frameworks, handling equipment, removing damaged materials from construction sites, and removing waste materials.

Level Luffing Crane

A level luffing crane has a basket basket type cab where the operator sits to control the boom; this cab is able to move up and down on a vertical mast. These types of cranes are used extensively in the construction industry because they provide good stability while keeping the overall size of the crane small, making it more versatile than larger cranes. The basket of this crane can be raised or lowered depending on what its job is. 

Rail Road Crane

A rail road crane has a stationary base that is attached to the ground with three or more rails; the entire crane can then move along these rails allowing it access to almost any area. These types of cranes are used primarily for placing materials in areas where traditional cranes would not be able to do their job, such as in limited or small spaces.

Tower Crane

A tower crane consists of a vertical mast topped with a cab where the operator sits to control the boom; it is attached directly to this cab. These types of cranes are used for several different things depending on what its job is. They can be used for erection of steel frameworks, handling equipment, removing damaged materials from construction sites, and removing waste materials.

Aerial Crane

An aerial crane has a boom that is attached to a helicopter. This type of crane can move in all directions, making it very versatile for many jobs. They are often used in areas where the ground is unstable or where there are no roads that can accommodate traditional cranes, such as in marshy areas or dense traffic. These types of cranes are often used to remove materials from high up or to transport them across areas where it would not otherwise be possible.

Harbor crane

A harbor crane is used to load and unload ships at the docks. It consists of a boom that is attached to two feet, these feet are then attached to either side of the dock. The end of the boom can be raised or lowered depending on what its job is. 

There’s Twelve of The Most Common Construction Crane Types

Well there you have it. There are twelve types of cranes used in construction projects. These cranes can be used to lift materials, remove waste materials and more. Truck mounted cranes are the most versatile while rail road cranes are best for transporting over very difficult terrain. 

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